Swallowtail butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) species diversity and distribution in Africa: The Papilionidae collection at the National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya

Species information from the Museum collections have been proven to be of nice worth as a instrument for prioritising conservation actions in Africa (Fjeldsa and Tushabe 2005). The National Museums of Kenya (NMK) have an entomology collection, housed in 4,000 drawers in cupboards that comprise over 1.5 million specimens, together with the largest butterfly collection in Africa (Arnett et al. 1997).

Lampe and Striebing (2005) demonstrated methods to digitise giant insect collections in order to make their related label information into databases that can be utilized for capabilities, similar to creating distribution maps.

The NMK’s swallowtail butterflies’ collection had not been digitised and thus there was a have to seize the label information to create a database that can be utilized for mapping the distribution of the species in Kenya and elsewhere.

Additions and corrections to Family-group names in Coleoptera

These information have addressed one of the most vital challenges to insect conservation i.e. the lack of baseline info regarding species diversity and distribution (Summerville and Crist 2003).

Additions and corrections to Family-group names in Coleoptera
Additions and corrections to Family-group names in Coleoptera

These information have supplied key historic papilionid species diversity and distribution information that can be utilized to observe their populations, as butterflies are declining resulting from adjustments in land use, intensive agriculture and pestcide use, illnesses and pest and local weather change (Potts et al. 2016; Bongaarts 2019).

The publication of the prevalence information information in GBIF has been undertaken, thus making the information accessible to a wider viewers and selling availability to be used.The swallowtail butterflies collection at the National Museums of Kenya was digitised from 2017-2019 and this paper presents particulars of the Papilionid collection at the Zoology Department, NMK, Nairobi, Kenya.

The collection holds 7,345 voucher specimens, consisting of three genera and 133 species. The collection covers the interval between 1850 to 2019.The distribution of the swallowtail butterflies, housed at the NMK, covers East Africa with 88%, Central Africa (6%), Western Africa (4%) and Southern Africa (2%).

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